|Statement||S. M. Holman ... [et al.]|
|Series||Bulletin (Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station) -- 949.|
|Contributions||Holman, S. M., Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||19 p. :|
|Number of Pages||19|
Antecedents of Infant Mortality: An Analysis of Risk Factors in Rural and Urban Arkansas. By Shannon M. Holman, Frank L. Farmer, Russell S. Kirby and Bruce L. Dixon. Get PDF (1 MB) Abstract. This research examines the relationship between social and biological characteristics of the infant and mother and the probability of infant survival. Infant mortality, the ratio of deaths to live births in the first year of life, was very high in , as the upper chart shows. About one of every six infants died before the first birthday. Infant mortality, defined as a death within the first year after a live birth, is the least frequently studied birth outcome because infant death is a relatively rare event. Most studies involving in-fants born to adolescent mothers have been lim-ited in their analysis of infant mortality by sam-ple size. Specifically, the risk for infant mortality. The important role of maternal factors in the antecedents of infant mortality (VLBW, LBW, intrauterine growth retardation, preterm birth) have been clearly and repeatedly demonstrated. Some of these factors, such as maternal race, adverse obstetrical history and low level of education, are not amenable to change during pregnancy.
Infant and Child Mortality | INFANT AND CHILD MORTALITY 8 Macleod W. Mwale This chapter reports on levels, trends, and differentials in infant and child mortality based on the MDHS. The information on infant and child mortality is relevant to evaluating the pro-gress of health programmes and in monitoring the current demographic situation. Its work encompasses clinical research on mortality due to severe infections in children and also includes studies of injuries due to car crashes, burns, drowning, poisoning, falls, suffocation, and child maltreatment, which are major causes of infant mortality in the United States (PMID: ). Infant mortality rate compares the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1, live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. Filter by the Region: Rank Order Listing for the Infant mortality rate field. Infant mortality is defined as the number of infants dying before reaching 1 year of age per live births in a given year. A variable for infant mortality is available from Easterly's () Global Development Network Growth Database released by the World Bank. The country observations of infant mortality for the majority of countries are.
In , a British physician, George Newman, published “Infant Mortality: A Social Problem,” citing mortality rates all over Europe of to . Historical demographers estimate that, in , enslaved infants died before 1 year of age at a rate times higher than that of White infants ( vs deaths per live births). 12 In comparison, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention figures from show that today non-Hispanic Black infant mortality is times higher than. My results suggest that epidemiologists consider the ambient, as well as individual, economic antecedents of unsalutary behavior and infant mortality among blacks. Moreover, public health campaigns designed to reduce prone infant sleep placement among black caregivers might be more effective if intensified after unexpected decreases in employment. Prior research has identified a number of antecedents to infant mortality, but has been focused on either structural (demographic) forces or medical (public health) factors, both of which ignore potential cultural influences. Our study introduces a cultural model for explaining variations in infant mortality, one focused on the role of community-level religious factors.