Significance, epidemiology and control methods of mycoplasma iowae in turkeys.
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Significance, epidemiology and control methods of mycoplasma iowae in turkeys.

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Published .
Written in English


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ContributionsManchester Polytechnic. Department of Biological Sciences.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13881516M

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Significance, epidemiology and control methods of Mycoplasma iowae in turkeys. Author: Grant, Mark ISNI: Awarding Body: Manchester Polytechnic Current Institution: Manchester Metropolitan University Date of Award: Mycoplasma iowae (MI) is no exception and, while mostly being a pathogen of turkeys, it can be found in other domestic poultry. It has the added ability of being able to induce a transient immune. difficult to quantify. Mycoplasma iowae appears to have no aerosol transmission compared with other important mycoplasma such as M. gallisepticum, and as such, it should be easier to control. Venereal transmission with infected tom semen and artificial insemination (AI) is by far Mycoplasma iowae in turkeys: B.J. Wood and S.J. Wilson. Grant M, Significance, epidemiology and control methods of Mycoplasma iowae in turkeys. Dissertation Abstracts International, B (Sciences and Engineering), 49(3) Jordan FTW; Gilbert S; Knight DL; Yavari CA, Effects of Baytril, tylosin and tiamulin on avian mycoplasmas. Avian Pathology, 18(4); 4 ref. Leiting VA; Kleven.

investigation in which one strain of M. iowae was used to compare the effect of different routes of infection (Expt 2). MATERIALS AND METHODS Mycoplasma strains The type strain () of M. iowae and four UK isolates (B1O/8O,B11/8O,B16/8O and M4/77) were used to infect turkeys in Expt 1 and strain Bl 1/80 was used in Expt 2. Mycoplasma iowae is an avian mycoplasma which has rather different properties from other avian mycoplasmas such as resistance to bile salts, predilection for the gastrointestinal tract and a relative resistance to many antimicrobials. There is also an unusually large degree of antigenic variation among strains belonging to this species. Mycoplasma iowae (MI) In the Italian poultry industry MG and MS represents a significant chapter of economic losses in different productive sectors The ease of transmission of these microorganisms, the difficulty of in vitro growth, as well as the complex strains distinction implied many obstacles in the study of their epidemiology, leading to. Diseases of Poultry is the most comprehensive reference for all aspects of poultry health and diseases, including pathogenesis, diagnostics, epidemiology, and control methods. Published in partnership with the American Association of Avian Pathologists, the Thirteenth Edition remains the international definitive reference, adding newer diagnostic methods and a new chapter on the emerging.

  Mycoplasma iowae in turkeys leads to decreased hatchability, late embryo mortality and leg and skeletal abnormalities in growing birds. The history and occurrence of this disease were discussed in the first part of this article in the previous edition of WP. How M. iowae can be recognised and diagnosed and which measures can be taken to prevent flocks from being infected, is discussed . Mycoplasma iowae is one of the four most important Mycoplasma species involved in poultry disease and is associated with economic loss. Turkeys appear to be the natural host, although the pathogen has also been demonstrated in chickens and in several wild avian species. Embryo mortality is considered to be a common finding in M iowae infection, and a stunting syndrome with mild airsacculitis. Clinical laboratories can provide diagnostic testing for Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections using culture, serology, or nucleic acid amplification methods (see chart below).M. pneumoniae differs from other bacteria in ways that impact the methods used for diagnosis of infection. It can pass through filters typically used to remove bacteria. Light microscopy cannot detect it.   Mycoplasma is a term used to refer to any of the members of the class Mollicutes which include Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma.[1] With over different species, the genus Mycoplasma is a unique bacterium that lacks a cell wall and causes a wide range of symptoms and infections. This organism, first discovered in , was known initially as a parasitic infection to animals and has .